džebar Mosque and Museum
History of the Džebar mosque:
In Živinice, in the area of Džebari, there is the widely known Džebar Mosque, the oldest in the Tuzla Canton, and one of the oldest in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was built in 1463 during the reign of Sultan Mehmed II El-Fatih. There are several versions that speak of its origin.
The word "jebar" comes from the Persian word "jebelum" which means hill in Persian.
The Turks conquered Džebari around 1512 during the Fatih, so the construction of the mosque itself was estimated in that period.
Until 1878, this mosque was called "Jinangir", which in Persian means "Fatih", which indicates that it was built during the reign of Sultan Mehmed El-Fatih.
There are several stories that speak of its origin, and one of them testifies as follows:
During the Turkish conquest of Bosnia, there were fights between the two armies for Džebarska gradina (725 m above sea level), which is located on the border of Živinice-Kladanj and Šeković.
Džebarska gradina is a natural fortification above Džebar on which important road communication could be controlled, because there was an extremely important caravan road Tuzla-Ravna Trešnja-Spreča-Zlo Selo (Zelenika) - Džebari-Noćajevići-Kladanj-Olovo-Sarajevo.
The fighting was protracted and the Turks failed to conquer this place.
One night, they noticed women descending down Gradina, probably for water They captured the two girls, threatening to kill them if they did not reveal the easiest way to defeat the Bosnian army.
The frightened girls told the secret of conquering Gradina, and so the Turks conquered Gradina. In return, they were freed and Sultan Mehmed El-Fatih, in honor of the battle, ordered a mosque to be built there. Construction material was acquired, but under unexplained circumstances, during one night, it was moved 300 meters away to another place, closer to the water.
Since the transfer of construction materials could not be done by human efforts in such a short time, it was believed that it was certainly done by God's will and the Turks decided to build a mosque there, which is still there today.
Believing in the uniqueness of this mosque, about ten thousand pilgrims visit this place on the first Saturday of August, believing that if they pray for three prayers in the Džebar mosque or visit three consecutive mevluds, it has the same value as if he had performed the hajj.